Mendeleyev Tariff
by Pyotr DZYUBENKO, Dr. Sc. (Hist.), and Maxim SAVCHENKO, Cand. Sc. (Hist.), Russian Customs Academy Research activities of the great Russian chemist Dmitry Mendeleyev (1834-1907) have many facets to them. The author of the periodic table, he is also the mastermind of a custom tariff which contemporaries named after him. "Customhouses should and can give two good things, and they do it indeed," the scientist said. "First, treasury revenue, and second, labor incentives at home." page 77 The Mendeleyev custom tariff... To understand what's it all about we should travel back into the 1880s when the issue of protectionist custom barriers came to be in the limelight both for the Russian public and for the government. It sparked a good deal of controversy between "protectionists"* and "freetraders"** These debates went far beyond custom duties proper levied on merchandise, important as this matter was. Our country's socioeconomic development and modernization was on the anvil. Which course to follow? Russia's best minds-state and public personalities, scientists and scholars-likewise threw themselves into the debates. Dmitry Ivanovich Mendeleyev was in their midst. Much earlier, in the 1860s, Dmitry Mendeleyev had buckled down to in-depth studies of the economy and specific industries and regions. Having collected a large body of data, he got down to the job of drawing up a program of the country's socioeconomic development-the way he saw it. In September 1889 Finance Minister Ivan Vyshnegradsky offered him an assignment: outline a plan for a custom tariff on chemical products and submit the draft by January 1890. Taking a hard close look, Mendeleyev saw that raising custom duties on particular items would fall short of the desired result. Therefore he decided to conceptualize a general approach and map out fundamentals of custom policy and a system of merchandise distribution. It was a formidable, mammoth job that had to be done fast, within a short span. Yet Men ... Читать далее

Эта публикация была размещена на Либмонстре в другой стране и показалась интересной редакторам.

Полная версия:
Беларусь Анлайн · 2130 days ago 0 364
Professional Authors' Comments:
Order by: 
Per page: 
  • There are no comments yet
Library guests comments

0 votes
Беларусь Анлайн
Минск, Belarus
14.09.2018 (2130 days ago)
Permanent link to this publication:

Library Partners

BIBLIOTEKA.BY - Belarusian digital library, repository, and archive

Create your author's collection of articles, books, author's works, biographies, photographic documents, files. Save forever your author's legacy in digital form. Click here to register as an author.
Mendeleyev Tariff

Editorial Contacts
Chat for Authors: BY LIVE: We are in social networks:

About · News · For Advertisers - Belarusian digital library, repository, and archive ® All rights reserved.
2006-2024, BIBLIOTEKA.BY is a part of Libmonster, international library network (open map)
Keeping the heritage of Belarus


US-Great Britain Sweden Serbia
Russia Belarus Ukraine Kazakhstan Moldova Tajikistan Estonia Russia-2 Belarus-2

Create and store your author's collection at Libmonster: articles, books, studies. Libmonster will spread your heritage all over the world (through a network of affiliates, partner libraries, search engines, social networks). You will be able to share a link to your profile with colleagues, students, readers and other interested parties, in order to acquaint them with your copyright heritage. Once you register, you have more than 100 tools at your disposal to build your own author collection. It's free: it was, it is, and it always will be.

Download app for Android