by Rudolf BALANDIN, Engineer-Geologist
Global warming is among the pressing problems of today. It was assumed previously that temperature growth on our planet takes place very slowly and at the will of Mother Nature. Nowadays many experts are increasingly concerned that it is taking ominous size as quickly as within a single generation's life time as a result of technogenesis. Is there a way to counter the process? An attempt to answer the question is presented in the book "Can Man Change the Climate? Two Projects" by Pyotir Borisov (M., Nauka, 2003, 270 pages).
Back in the 1950s Dr. Borisov (1901 - 1973) developed and published a sensational hydro-technical project. He proposed to lock the Bering Strait with an enormous dam equipped with powerful pumps and start repumping waters of the Arctic Ocean southwards. As a result, the Gulf Stream was supposed to penetrate further northeast washing the Arctic shores, start melting heavy sea ice with the effect of warming up the climate in the adjacent areas.
It may seem at first glance that monster projects like that are hopelessly obsolete presenting but historical value. In the preface to the book Academician Vladimir Kotlyakov points out: "The project was a hallmark of its time. It was permeated with the pathos of transformation, the spirit of great construction sites, the will to actively interfere in natural processes, to identify and correct the cases of unfairness in nature, whether it was insufficient solar energy received by inhabitants of Siberia or the low fertility of the Taiga zone...
Great projects were in the air: diverting the discharge of northern rivers, flooding the Sahara, dams in the Straits of Gibraltar and Dardanelles, similar ambitious projects in Mexico, North America, Australia, South America, India. All of those were after rerouting imperfect sea currents, redirecting great rivers' flows, creating enormous fresh-water seas, constructing dams, canals, cyclopean pumping plants... Th ... Read more